15 Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

The pigeons have evolved from the breed of doves. In the olden days, all flying birds were either mocking birds or doves. Slowly, people began to analyze more about these birds, and then the names and different characteristics were evolved and discovered. 

In fact, pigeons were used for a lot of other activities in the olden days when communication across borders were not very easy. That is when pigeons were used to send and receive letters, especially in the Asian countries. People tied letters in the neck of the pigeons and then the birds flew to the destination to deliver the letter. 

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It would be really interesting for you to know that Charles Darwin did an extensive research on pigeons and that’s when he found out and announced that there were a lot of differences even amongst the breeds of pigeons. Charles Darwin was very anxious to understand these – and he did a lot of testing and experimenting on these birds. That was when he finally divided the Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know into two major categories – domestic ones and fancy pigeons that cannot be domesticated. 

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

If you are curious about these Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know, here is the list of pigeons who can be domesticated and who cannot be, as they are categorized into the fancy pigeons list.

FANCY PIGEON BREEDS

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know
Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

Fantail Pigeon

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

This is the very first pigeon breeds that come in the category of fancy pigeons. They are called fan tail pigeons because the first look of the birds appears to be like a fan. A usual pigeon has just about 12-14 feathers, but this one has approximately 30 to 40 feathers. This bird is found in cities of India, Pakistan, Spain and China. Another breed to this fantail pigeons is Thai Fantails. These birds are complete white in color, with ribbon like stripes which appears on their tail. They are called the Thai fantails because they are found only in Thailand. 

Ice Pigeon

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

Wondering why the name is ice pigeon? Well, they are in ice blue color and hence the name has been given as such. These birds are a result of extensive cross breeding and are not found naturally, otherwise. The rock pigeons, when exposed to selective cross breeding results in evolution of ice pigeon. They are found in Poland and Germany. 

Frillback Pigeon

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

The first look of these pigeons will make you go WOW and that is why they are categorized to be under fancy pigeons. Their feathers are all in frills and hence the pigeons were named as such. They are not to be found naturally, and are a result of selective cross breeding.  These pigeons are found in six different colors – Yellow, White, Black, Red and silver. The frill back pigeons are also bigger in size that the normal other fancy or domestic pigeons. 

Thuringian Color Pigeon

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

These birds are considered to be one of the most elegant ones out of all the available domestic and fancy pigeons. They are found in different colors and markings. The most common appearances of these pigeons are either plain or shell crested. The Thuringian shield, Thuringian monk and Thuringian breast are the most common types of pigeons under this category. 

Trumpeter

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

Yes! We all know that trumpets are a form of musical instruments, and that is exactly why these birds are named after that. If you listen to these birds, it will sound either like a trumpet or like a low laugh – that explains the name. The Arabian trumpeter, Bokhara trumpeter and the English trumpeter are the most common ones amongst these breeds. 

French Mondain

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

These birds were originally bred in France, and were exposed to extensive breeding, and that’s when this beautiful breed evolved. They were exposed to breeding for some specific utilities. They are found in European and American styles. They are actually different breeds, but still come under the same category of fancy birds. They are quite stout than the other birds. This breed is known to be a very Earthly, as they are quite down to Earth from their nature, but are fancy in their appearance. 

DOMESTICATED PIGEON BREEDS

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

While the above is a list of fancy pigeons that are extravagant in their terms of appearances, voices and features, there are some Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know that can be domesticated. They are the ones that are simple; do not need a lot of maintenance. These birds can be adopted as pets as well. So, make notes and if you want to adopt any birds, then consider them!

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 Homing Pigeon

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

As one can understand from the name, this is the most famous and common domestic breed of pigeons. They are derived from Rock birds. They are extensively found in all the cities and states. They have a great skill of remembering directions and people and that is why, initially they were used to carry messages from one place to another. In fact, these birds are known to be able to fly long distances – about 1800 kms at one stretch. 

Dragoon Pigeons

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

These birds are also known as Moores. They look very similar to the homing pigeons, but are a little stout if you observe closely. They are known to be one of the oldest breeds of British time. They can be easily domesticated and do not require a lot of food and care. Their beaks are smaller than others, and that is one differentiating factor. 

Cumulet

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

One of the cutest breeds of domesticated pigeons is this breed. They are pure white in color, and that makes them stand out from the other breeds. They might have different colors of legs, and that is also one more unique feature of this breed. Just because they are white in color, when you domesticate them, it becomes necessary for you to ensure that the surroundings are clean, so that the colors remain as is. One interesting fact about this pigeon is that they can also be termed to be a fancy bird. 

Chinese Flying Pigeon

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

They are descendants of rock pigeons. They are quite attractive to look at, and that is why, a lot of prefer to domesticate these pigeons. They are black in color from the top and white from the rest of the body. They were originated from China, and hence the name. 

British Show Racer

Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

Show racer? How is it connected with pigeons breeds? Well, they were evolved in the British show racer and that is why they got the name. they were exposed to selective breeding in this racing show and since then, they have been a great breed to domesticate. They are also an awesome breed to participate in the racing games for pigeons.

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These domestic pigeons do not require a lot of expense, and they have different life spans. Before domesticating them, find out about these Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know and then you are all sorted. 

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