Having about 60 species of sea snakes, and evolved in the Australian territorial lands, these animals have always been a mystery for those who study animals. It is the most Amazing Facts About Sea Snake Which You Must Know that sea snakes occupy about 80% of the marine life when it comes to marine reptiles.
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They were found about 135 million years ago and are known to evolve out of lizards. The very first snake was found in the sea only, and then we have found the normal reptiles found on land. They are cold-blooded, and the highest amounts of sea snakes are found in Indonesia and Australia. Usually, the sea snakes prefer to live in warm and tropical places, so that the sea temperature is also the same. But sometimes, they are seen to be blown away to the Sydney harbor, where the temperatures may fluctuate.
Amazing Facts About Sea Snake Which You Must Know
The Different Radiations Of Sea Snakes
Type 1: Marine Hydrophiines
They top the chart as they are one of the largest species of all the sea snakes. Like stated, they are known to be the true snakes. They are found mostly in Africa, Australia and the Melanesian territories. They have a sub-family called the Elapid snakes.
Type 2: Laticauda (Sea Kraits)
This species have about 7 species within the main laticauda. They are mostly found on beaches, especially in the Pacific islands and the South East Asian lands. It is found that these sea snakes are as old as about 15 million years. They are heavily venomous snakes.
Type 3: Acrochordidae (File Snakes)
If you want to know the oldest forms of sea snakes, then you probably will see this species of snakes popping up on all your search engines. They have evolved over 40 million years ago and have about only 2 species of marine, and approximately three extant ones. This species of sea snakes are not venomous.
Type 4: Natricinae (Salt Marsh Snakes)
Like one can understand from the name, these species are found mostly in areas that have salty waters and marshy lands. They are quite adaptive to marine environments and are not poisonous. They belong to the Colubroidea family and prefer to stay in sub-tropical environments. That is why they are usually found mostly in lands and seas of North America.
Type 5: Homalopsidae (Mud Snakes)
They are also known as the Mangrove snakes and within this big species, they have about 10 more species. They are mostly found in Northern parts of Australia and Southeast Asia. They are not only complete aquatic snakes and can be found to be half on land and half in water. This species of snakes are venomous and are rear-fanged.
If you have always been fascinated by this species of animals, here are some more amazing facts about sea snakes which you must surely know…
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Some Species Belong To The Cobra Family
From all the varieties of snakes that are available, about 30-40 belong to the cobra family. Just like cobras, they can grow up to 2 meters in length. Their tails flatten by the end so that the swimming can be smooth and fast.
3 Drops Can Kill Multiple People
A lot of species of snakes are not poisonous, but for the ones that are venomous are extremely dangerous. In fact, a lot of studies have shown that if the snakes have longer fangs – just 3 drops of poison spit out can kill up to 8 people at once. However, it has also been noted that they do not spit venom or bite through divers unless they are provoked, or they feel threatened.
They Can Be Confused With Eels
To be very honest, when I sat to write this article, I had the picture of an eel only in mind! And when I researched, I realized my mistake. But, the fact is that eels belong to the fishes family. The only common thing between eels and sea snakes is that they both do not use their nose for breathing.
Sea Kraits Lay Eggs Only On Land
Yes! A specific type of sea snakes called the sea kraits to have to move to land in order to lay eggs. They can mate in water, but when it is time for laying eggs, they migrate to the land and then come back once the eggs are laid.
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They Can Give Birth To About 20 At Once
Yes! That is right – they can give birth to young ones from a minimum of 2 to a maximum of 20. When we say, give birth to young ones, they do not lay eggs. They have the babies grow up to 12 inches and then they are delivered out of the mother’s womb.
They Can Hold Breath For 3-4 Hours
This Amazing Facts About Sea Snake Which You Must Know is true and is scientifically proven. There are a lot of species of sea snakes that can hold their breath for at least 2 to 3 hours. They do this when they think they are being endangered or they may have a threat to their life.
Nostrils Are Adjustable To Water Retention
Yep, that’s true. The nostrils contain moveable valves to ensure that water is not entering the body directly.
They Can Dive As Deep As 300 Feet
Since the body is designed such that they can live underwater forever, they can actually dive as deep as 30 feet in the water. They form the shape of S to travel in waters against the tides as well.
However, for the animals, the attraction law is not as tough, and the males have thus, eventually developed mating rituals for their own species. Not all of them are very common or obvious, and here we bring to you a Short List of the Strangest Mating Rituals of Animals –
Hope we Enlighted you with some really Amazing Facts About Sea Snake Which You Must Know. So next time, do not wait to decide is the animal you see under the water is sea snake or not.